December 30, 2013
As 2014 approaches, consider how you will implement effective and informative annual refresher training.
Part 46 Annual Refresher Training (ART) requires each miner to receive a minimum of 8 hours of annual refresher training at least once every 12 months. The training must include instruction on changes at the mine that could adversely affect the miner’s health or safety. It must also address other health and safety subjects relevant to the mine.
To download the Mine Safe and Health Administration’s (MSHA) training record forms and certificates, go to 1.usa.gov/1bBxKFU.
One of the challenges operators face, however, is how to keep ART engaging.
To improve the quality and effectiveness of Part 46 Annual Refresher Training (ART) one safety director suggested that operators avoid the “marathon of boredom” associated with a trainer presenting 8 hours of videotapes in a single day.
Instead, to provide more enjoyable and effective training he recommends the following:
Spread quality ART by providing interesting 30- to 60-minute mini-sessions at regular intervals throughout the entire year. Mini-sessions may total roughly 5 to 6 hours of the 8-hour compliance requirement. Operators must follow their training plan and document the names of trainees, duration, date and type of training presented at mini-sessions.
Have “specialists” present a single subject during each mini-session.
At the end of the year hold a special “ART Day.” The agenda may include a general meeting to review the past year in terms of accidents, safety audits, MSHA citations and operational changes along with other pertinent safety and health information obtained since the last meeting. You could also break up the large group into smaller “ART Teams” for a variety of interactive training sessions, such as safety contests (e.g. to find defects on a piece of equipment) and demonstrations. Special incentives such as a company luncheon, safety awards, commemorative T-shirts, safety related door prizes, stickers, ball caps, etc. may contribute to an enjoyable and productive training experience.
Use training videotapes only as a supplement to training sessions. Hands-on and interactive training works best.
When you combine “ART Day” activities with the mini-sessions conducted throughout the year, each miner may receive 12 to 14 hours of refresher training each year and, more importantly, look forward to attending the training sessions. If the ART effort prevents one accident, it is time and money well spent.
Information from this Safety Watch is from an actual accident and is provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration. It is meant for general information purposes only.