April 1, 2013
2011 marked the first increase in production since 2006, with slight price increases as well.
U.S. production of construction aggregates in 2011 was 2.17 billion short tons, valued at $17.2 billion, free on board (f.o.b.) at plant. Construction aggregates production decreased by 37 percent, and the associated value decreased by 25 percent, compared with the record highs reported in 2006. In 2011, construction aggregates production increased for the first time since 2006, owing to a very slight increase in the production of both construction sand and gravel and crushed stone. The average unit value, which is the f.o.b. at plant price of a ton of material, increased slightly, but is still less than the average unit value of two years prior.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) defines the construction aggregates industry as those companies that mine and process crushed stone and construction sand and gravel. The construction aggregates industry is active in all 50 states and consists of about 5,400 mining companies that manage more than 10,000 operations. In 2011, the 10 leading construction aggregates-producing states were, in descending order of tonnage, Texas, California, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, New York, Indiana, Virginia, and Kentucky. These 10 states accounted for 44 percent of the national production of construction aggregates, or 955 million short tons.
The 25 leading companies, in descending order of construction aggregates production in 2011, follow. These companies controlled 1,926 active operations throughout the 50 states and accounted for 42 percent of the production and 46 percent of the value of construction aggregates in the United States. The 1,926 active operations mined rock from 1,045 crushed stone quarries and 761 construction sand and gravel pits. The 100 largest construction aggregates operations produced 14 percent of the production of construction aggregates. Of the 315 million short tons of construction aggregates produced by these 100 largest operations, 67 percent was limestone and dolomite and 16 percent was construction sand and gravel. Twenty-four of the largest operations did not report their production or sales to the USGS, and their production was estimated by using employment data provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA).
1. Vulcan Materials Co.
1200 Urban Center Drive
Birmingham, AL 35242-2545
2. Martin Marietta Aggregates
2710 Wycliff Road
Raleigh, NC 27607-3033
3. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.
900 Ashwood Parkway, Suite 700
Atlanta, GA 30338-4780
4. Lehigh Hanson, Inc.
300 E. John Carpenter Freeway
Irving, TX 75062-2727
5. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V.
840 Gessner, Suite 1400
Houston, TX 77024-2649
6. Lafarge North America, Inc.
8700 W. Bryn Mawr Ave., Suite 300
Chicago, IL 60631
7. Holcim Group/Aggregate Industries Management, Inc.
201 Jones Road
Waltham, MA 02451-1600
8. Carmeuse Lime & Stone
11 Stanwix St., 21st Floor
Pittsburgh, PA 15222-1312
9. MDU Resources Group, Inc./Knife River Corp.
1150 West Century Ave.
Bismarck, ND 58506-5568
10. Rogers Group, Inc.
421 Great Circle Road
Nashville, TN 37228-1407
11. New Enterprise Stone & Lime Co., Inc.
3912 Brumbaugh Road
New Enterprise, PA 16664-9137
12. Luck Stone Corp.
515 Stone Mill Drive
Manakin-Sabot, VA 23103-3261
13. Summit Materials, LLC
2900 K St., N.W., Suite 100
Washington, DC 20007
14. Texas Industries, Inc. (TXI)
1341 West Mockingbird Lane
Dallas, TX 75247-6913
15. Ash Grove Cement Co.
11011 Cody St.
Overland Park, KS 66210-1313
16. Lhoist North America
3700 Hulen St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
17. Granite Construction Inc.
585 West Beach St.
Watsonville, CA 95076-5123
18. Dolese Bros. Co.
20 N.W. 13th St.
Oklahoma City, OK 73101-4806
19. Colas Inc.
163 Madison Ave., Suite 500
Morristown, NJ 07960-7303
20. Mulzer Crushed Stone, Inc.
534 Mozart St.
Tell City, IN 47586-2446
21. CalPortland Co.
2025 East Financial Way
Glendora, CA 91741-4603
22. Mitsubishi Cement Corp.
151 Cassia Way
Henderson, NV 89014
23. Ready Mix USA Holding Co. (now part of Cemex)
2570 Ruffner Road
Birmingham, AL 35210-3914
24. Graymont Ltd.
#200-10911 Shellbridge Way
Richmond, BC V6X 3C6
25. Eucon Corp.
4418 8th Ave.
Spokane, WA 99212
TOP CRUSHED STONE OPERATORS
In 2011, a total of 1,548 companies produced or sold crushed stone in the United States from 3,693 operations with 4,002 quarries and 227 sales and/or distribution sites. A total of 1.27 billion short tons of crushed stone was produced for consumption from surface and underground mines, virtually unchanged from the production of 2010 and 2009 and 35 percent less than the record high of 1.96 billion short tons in 2006. The recent levels of crushed stone produced for consumption in the United States are the lowest since 1994. The value of the crushed stone produced was $11.2 billion, a slight increase compared with that of 2010 and 21 percent less than that of 2006. The average unit price for crushed stone increased slightly compared with the average unit price for 2010, but was 20 percent higher compared with that of 2006.
The 10 leading producing states were, in descending order of tonnage, Texas, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Illinois, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, North Carolina, Indiana, and Georgia. The combined production of the 10 leading states increased slightly and was 655 million short tons, more than one-half of the national total.
In 2011, underground production, totaling 79 million short tons, accounted for 6 percent of the U.S. production of crushed stone. Crushed stone was produced in 91 underground mines in 18 states. The five leading states were, in descending order of underground production, Kentucky, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Nebraska. Production from these five states represented 70 percent of the U.S. crushed stone produced from underground mines.
The 10 leading companies, in descending order of crushed stone production in 2011, follow. These companies, with 986 active operations that produced rock from 843 quarries, accounted for 44 percent of the production of crushed stone in the United States.
1. Vulcan Materials Co.
2. Martin Marietta Aggregates
3. Lehigh Hanson, Inc.
4. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.
5. Lafarge North America Inc.
6. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V.
7. Carmeuse Lime & Stone
8. Holcim Group/Aggregate Industries Management, Inc.
9. Rogers Group, Inc.
10. New Enterprise Stone and Lime Co., Inc.
Top construction sand and gravel operators
A total of 893 million short tons of construction sand and gravel, valued at $6.0 billion, f.o.b. at plant, was reported produced in the United States in 2011 by 4,107 companies with 6,597 active operations, including 7,955 pits and 63 sales and/or distribution sites.
The 10 leading states, in descending order of production, were California, Texas, Minnesota, Arizona, Michigan, New York, Washington, Wisconsin, Ohio, and Colorado. Their combined output of construction sand and gravel accounted for approximately 49 percent of the U.S. construction sand and gravel production.
The 10 leading producing companies, in descending order of tonnage in 2011, are listed at right. These companies, with 607 active operations producing rock from 619 pits, accounted for 21 percent of the output of construction sand and gravel in the United States.
1. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.
2. Lehigh Hanson, Inc.
3. Vulcan Materials Co.
4. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V.
5. MDU Resources Group, Inc./Knife River Corp.
6. Holcim Group/Aggregates Industries Management, Inc.
7. Martin Marietta Aggregate
8. Granite Construction Inc.
9. Mitsubishi Cement Corp.
10. Lafarge North America Inc.
Top Crushed Stone Operations
1. Martin Marietta Aggregates, Beckmann Quarry, San Antonio, Texas
2. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V., Balcones Quarry, New Braunfels, Texas
3. Vecellio & Grogan, Inc., White Rock Quarries, Miami, Fla.
4. Tower Rock Stone Co., Ste. Genevieve Quarry, Ste. Genevieve, Mo.
5. Colorado Materials Ltd., Hunter Quarry, New Braunfels, Texas
6. Lehigh Hanson, Inc., Bridgeport Quarry, Bridgeport, Texas
7. Texas Crushed Stone Co., Inc., Georgetown Quarry, Georgetown, Texas
8. Texas Industries, Inc., Bridgeport Stone Plant, Bridgeport, Texas
9. Luck Stone Corp., Boscobel Plant, Manakin Sabot, Va.
10. Vulcan Materials Co., McCook Quarry, McCook, Ill.
Top Sand and Gravel Operations
1. Lehigh Hanson, Inc., Bristol Sand & Gravel, Irving, Texas
2. CalPortland Co., DuPont Pit, Dupont, Wash.
3. All American Asphalt Co., Corona Aggregates Pit, Corona, Calif.
4. Teichert Materials, Perkins Plant, Sacramento, Calif.
5. Vulcan Materials Co., Pleasanton Plant, Pleasanton, Calif.
6. Lehigh Hanson, Inc., Irwindale Rock Plant, Irwindale, Calif.
7. Vulcan Materials Co., Sun Valley Plant, Sun Valley, Calif.
8. Vulcan Materials Co., Reliance Plant, Irwindale, Calif.
9. Vulcan Materials Co., San Emidio Plant, Bakersfield, Calif.
10. Cemex, S.A.B. de C.V., 19th Ave. Sand & Gravel, Phoenix, Ariz.
The USGS produces publications on construction aggregates and other mineral commodities, including the Minerals Yearbook, Mineral Industry Surveys, and Mineral Commodity Summaries. The Minerals Yearbook is an annual publication that contains statistical data on crushed stone and construction sand and gravel as separate chapters. The Minerals Yearbook series includes chapters on approximately 90 mineral commodities (volume I), 50 states and Puerto Rico and the administered islands (volume II), and 175 countries (volume III). Crushed stone and sand and gravel Mineral Industry Surveys are quarterly, web-based publications designed to provide timely statistical data on domestic production of crushed stone, construction sand and gravel, and aggregates at the national, state, and regional levels. The quarterly survey is a sample survey that generates production-for-consumption estimates by quarter, based on information reported voluntarily by a limited number of producing companies. The Mineral Commodity Summaries is published on an annual basis and is the earliest annual Government publication to furnish estimates regarding prior year construction aggregates industry data. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2013 provides preliminary data on 2012 production. A listing of the top 100 producers is published annually in the Minerals Yearbook for the crushed stone industry and for the construction sand and gravel industry. These directories rank the leading companies based on their production-for-consumption for the current and previous year.
All publications are available on the USGS Mineral Resources Program website, http://minerals.usgs.gov/, by selecting the Quick Link for “Minerals Information.”
Jason Christopher Willett is a crushed stone commodity specialist with the U.S. Geological Survey. He can be reached at 703-648-6473 or firstname.lastname@example.org.