The nation’s top 25 construction aggregates producers

By Jason Christoper Willett

| Published on June 16, 2014

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2012 production numbers document a second year of incremental growth in the market.

U.S. production of construction aggregates in 2012 was 2.18 billion short tons valued at $17.6 billion, free on board (f.o.b.) at plant. In 2012, construction aggregates production remained virtually unchanged from the levels of the last two years because of a very slight increase compared with that of 2011 in the production of both construction sand and gravel and crushed stone. The average unit value, which is the f.o.b. at the plant price of a metric ton of material, increased slightly. Construction aggregates production was 36 percent less than and the associated value was 23 percent less than the record highs reported in 2006.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) defines the construction aggregates industry as those companies that mine and process crushed stone and construction sand and gravel. The construction aggregates industry is active in all 50 states and consists of about 5,400 mining companies that manage more than 10,000 operations. In 2012, the 10 leading construction aggregates-producing states were, in descending order of tonnage, Texas, California, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, New York, Indiana, Florida, and Michigan. These 10 states accounted for 45 percent of the national production of construction aggregates, or 975 million short tons.

The 25 leading companies, in descending order of construction aggregates production in 2012, follow. These companies controlled 1,810 active operations throughout all 50 states and accounted for 33 percent of the production and 37 percent of the value of construction aggregates in the United States. The 1,810 active operations mined rock from 1,027 crushed stone quarries, 681 construction sand and gravel pits, and 102 sales yards.

The 100 largest construction aggregates operations produced 14 percent of the production of construction aggregates. Of the 315 million short tons of construction aggregates produced by these 100 largest operations, 73 percent was limestone and dolomite and 11 percent was construction sand and gravel.

Twenty-seven of the 100 largest operations did not report their production or sales to the USGS, and their production was estimated by using employment data provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA).

1. Vulcan Materials Co.

1200 Urban Center Drive

Birmingham, AL 35242-2545

Phone: 205-298-3000

www.vulcanmaterials.com

 

2. Martin Marietta Aggregates

2710 Wycliff Road

Raleigh, NC 27607-3033

Phone: 919-781-4550

www.martinmarietta.com


3. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.

900 Ashwood Parkway, Suite 700

Atlanta, GA 30338-4780

Phone: 770-522-5600

www.oldcastlematerials.com

 

4. Lehigh Hanson, Inc.

300 E. John Carpenter Freeway

Irving, TX 75062-2727

Phone: 972-653-5500

www.lehighcement.com

 

5. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V.

840 Gessner, Suite 1400

Houston, TX 77024-2649

Phone: 713-650-6200

www.cemexusa.com

 

6. Lafarge North America, Inc.

8700 W. Bryn Mawr Ave., Suite 300

Chicago, IL 60631

Phone: 773-372-1000

www.lafarge-na.com

 

7. Holcim Group/Aggregate Industries Management, Inc.

201 Jones Road

Waltham, MA 02451-1600

Phone: 866-465-2460

www.holcim.us

 

8. Carmeuse Lime & Stone

11 Stanwix St., 21st Floor

Pittsburgh, PA 15222-1312

Phone: 412-995-5500

www.carmeusena.com

 

9. Rogers Group, Inc.

421 Great Circle Road

Nashville, TN 37228-1407

Phone: 615-242-0585

www.rogersgroupincint.com

 

10. MDU Resources Group, Inc./Knife River Corp.

1150 West Century Ave.

Bismarck, ND 58506-5568

Phone: 701-530-1400

www.kniferiver.com

 

11. New Enterprise Stone & Lime Co., Inc.

3912 Brumbaugh Road

New Enterprise, PA 16664-9137

Phone: 814-766-2211

www.nesl.com

 

12. Texas Industries, Inc. (TXI)

1341 West Mockingbird Lane

Dallas, TX 75247-6913

Phone: 972-647-6700

www.txi.com

 

13. Ash Grove Cement Co.

11011 Cody St.

Overland Park, KS 66210-1313

Phone: 913-451-8900

www.ashgrove.com

 

14. Lhoist North America

3700 Hulen St.

Fort Worth, TX 76107

Phone: 817-732-8164

www.lhoist.us

 

15. Luck Stone Corp.

515 Stone Mill Drive

Manakin-Sabot, VA 23103-3261

Phone: 804-784-6300

www.luckstone.com

 

16. Summit Materials, LLC

2900 K St., N.W., Suite 100

Washington, DC 20007

Phone: 202-339-9509

www.summit-materials.com

 

17. Dolese Bros. Co.

20 N.W. 13th St.

Oklahoma City, OK 73101-4806

Phone: 405-235-2311

www.dolese.com

 

18. National Lime & Stone Co.

551 Lake Cascade Parkway

Findlay, OH 45840

Phone: 419-422-4341

www.natlime.com

 

19. Granite Construction Inc.

585 West Beach St.

Watsonville, CA 95076-5123

Phone: 831-724-1011

www.graniteconstruction.com

 

20. Mulzer Crushed Stone, Inc.

534 Mozart St.

Tell City, IN 47586-2446

Phone: 812-547-7921

www.mulzer.com

 

21. Graymont Ltd.

#200-10911 Shellbridge Way

Richmond, BC V6X 3C6

Phone: 604-276-9331

www.graymont.com

 

22. Mitsubishi Cement Corp.

151 Cassia Way

Henderson, NV 89014

Phone: 702-932-3900

www.mitsubishicement.com

 

23. Eucon Corp.

4418 8th Ave.

Spokane, WA 99212

Phone: 509-533-1615

www.euconcorp.com

 

24. Trinity Industries, Inc.

2525 Stemmons Freeway

Dallas, TX 75207

214-631-4420

www.trin.net

 

25. CalPortland Co.

2025 East Financial Way

Glendora, CA 91741-4603

Phone: 626-852-6200

www.calportland.com

 

Domestic production data for crushed stone and construction sand and gravel are derived by the USGS from voluntary surveys of U.S. producers. In 2012, more than 12,000 aggregates operations were surveyed and around 80 percent of these were active. Of the active aggregates operations surveyed, 5,223 operations, or 51 percent, reported their production/sales to the USGS, and their total production was 1.36 billion short tons. Less than one-half of the operations that reported their 2012 production tonnages did not report a corresponding dollar value for their production.

Production estimates of the non-responding operations were based on employment data provided by MSHA. The estimated production of 4,976 non-responding operations was 825 million short tons, or 38 percent of U.S. construction aggregates production.

Unit values are determined by the average annual f.o.b. plant prices, usually at the first point of sale or captive use, as reported by the construction aggregates producing companies. This value does not include transportation from the plant or yard to the consumer. It does, however, include all costs of mining, processing, in-plant transportation, overhead costs, and profit. For those operations that reported production only, the unit values of total production or specific end uses were estimated based on other reporting operations within the same state.

The USGS produces publications on construction aggregates and other mineral commodities, including the Minerals Yearbook, Mineral Industry Surveys, and Mineral Commodity Summaries. The Minerals Yearbook is an annual publication that contains statistical data on crushed stone and construction sand and gravel as separate chapters. The Minerals Yearbook series includes chapters on approximately 90 mineral commodities (volume I), 50 states and Puerto Rico and the administered islands (volume II), and 175 countries (volume III).

Crushed stone and sand and gravel Mineral Industry Surveys are quarterly, web-based publications designed to provide timely statistical data on domestic production of crushed stone, construction sand and gravel, and aggregates at the national, state, and regional levels. The quarterly survey is a sample survey that generates production-for-consumption estimates by quarter, based on information reported voluntarily by a limited number of producing companies. The Mineral Commodity Summaries is published on an annual basis and is the earliest annual government publication to furnish estimates regarding prior year construction aggregates industry data. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2014 provides preliminary data on 2013 production. A listing of the top 100 producers is published annually in the Minerals Yearbook for the crushed stone industry and for the construction sand and gravel industry. These directories rank the leading companies based on their production-for-consumption for the current and previous year.

All publications are available on the USGS Mineral Resources Program web site, http://minerals.usgs.gov/, by selecting the Quick Link for “Minerals Information.”

Top crushed stone operators

In 2012, a total of 1,517 companies produced or sold crushed stone from 3,619 operations with 3,951 quarries and 203 sales and (or) distribution sites. A total of 1.29 billion short tons of crushed stone was produced for consumption from surface and underground mines, a slight increase from the total production of 2011 and 34 percent less than the record high of 1.96 billion short tons in 2006. The recent levels of crushed stone produced for consumption in the United States are the lowest since 1993. The value of the crushed stone produced was $11.4 billion, a slight increase compared with that of 2011 and 20 percent less than that of 2006. The average unit price for crushed stone increased slightly compared with the average unit price for 2011 and was 21 percent higher compared with that of 2006.

The 10 leading crushed stone producing states were, in descending order of tonnage, Texas, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Ohio, Illinois, Florida, Kentucky, Virginia, Indiana, and North Carolina. The combined production of the 10 leading states increased slightly from 2011 to 669 million short tons, more than one-half of the national total.

In 2012, underground production, totaling 78 million short tons, accounted for 6 percent of the U.S. production of crushed stone. Crushed stone was produced in 85 underground mines in 18 states. The five leading states were, in descending order of underground production, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Illinois, and Nebraska. Production from these five states represented 68 percent of the U.S. crushed stone produced from underground mines.

The 10 leading companies, in descending order of crushed stone production in 2012, are listed below. These companies, with 961 active operations that produced rock from 840 quarries, accounted for 44 percent of the production of crushed stone in the United States.

1. Vulcan Materials Co.

2. Martin Marietta Aggregates

3. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.

4. Lehigh Hanson, Inc.

5. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V.

6. Lafarge North America Inc.

7. Carmeuse Lime & Stone

8. Rogers Group, Inc.

9. Holcim Group/Aggregate Industries Management, Inc.

10. New Enterprise Stone & Lime Co., Inc.

Top crushed stone operations for 2012

1 Cemex S.A.B. de C.V. Balcones Quarry Texas

2 Martin Marietta Aggregates Beckmann Quarry Texas

3 Vecellio & Grogan, Inc. White Rock Quarries Florida

4 Texas Crushed Stone Co., Inc. Georgetown Quarry Texas

5 Colorado Materials Ltd Hunter Quarry Texas

6 Lehigh Hanson, Inc. Bridgeport Quarry Texas

7 Tower Rock Stone Co. Ste. Genevieve Quarry Missouri

8 Texas Industries, Inc. (TXI) Bridgeport Stone Plant Texas

9 Capitol Aggregates, Inc. Marble Falls Quarry Texas

10 Vulcan Materials Co. McCook Quarry Illinois

Top sand and gravel operators
A total of 895 million short tons of construction sand and gravel, valued at $6.2 billion, f.o.b. plant, was reported produced in the United States in 2012 by 4,129 companies with 6,598 active operations, 8,007 pits, and 87 sales and/or distribution sites. This was a slight increase of 4.0 million short tons from the production of 2011, but still nearly 40 percent less than the peak production of 1.48 billion short tons during 2006.
The 10 leading states, in descending order of production, were Texas, California, Minnesota, Arizona, Michigan, Ohio, North Dakota, New York, Washington, and Colorado. Their combined output of construction sand and gravel accounted for approximately one-half of the U.S. construction sand and gravel production.
The 10 leading producing companies, in descending order of tonnage in 2012, are listed below. These companies, with 543 active operations that produced rock from 556 pits, accounted for 20 percent of the output of construction sand and gravel in the United States.
1. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.
2. Cemex S.A.B. de C.V.
3. Vulcan Materials Co.
4. Lehigh Hanson, Inc.
5. MDU Resources Group, Inc./Knife River Corp.
6. Martin Marietta Aggregates
7. Holcim Group/Aggregate Industries Management, Inc.
8. Trinity Industries, Inc.
9. Mitsubishi Cement Corp.
10. Granite Construction Inc.

Top sand and gravel operations for 2012

1 CalPortland Co. Dupont Pit Washington

2 Lehigh Hanson, Inc. Irwindale Rock Plant California

3 Vulcan Materials Co. San Emidio Plant California

4 Vulcan Materials Co. Pleasanton Plant California

5 All American Asphalt Co. Corona Aggregates Plant California

6 Teichert Materials Perkins Plant California

7 The Olen Corp. Columbus Plant Ohio

8 Cemex S.A.B. de C.V. 19th Ave. Sand & Gravel Arizona

9 MDU Resources Group, Inc. Beltrami County Minnesota

10 Texas Industries, Inc. (TXI) Webberville/Travis Texas

Jason Christopher Willett is a crushed stone commodity specialist with the U.S. Geological Survey. He can be reached at 703-648-6473 or jwillett@usgs.gov.

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