March 21, 2014
The value of freight moved in 2013 between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico, was up 2.6 percent in 2013, compared to 2012, according to data released by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (USDOT) Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS).
Trade by pipeline grew the most year over year, with a 7.7-percent increase, while rail trade rose 4.6 percent and truck trade was up 2.2 percent. Vessel trade was down for the second consecutive year, dropping 2.4 percent, and air trade declined for the third straight year, falling 1.0 percent.
Trucks, rail and pipeline carried the most trans-border freight in 2013. Trucks carried 59.7 percent, rail carried 15.4 percent, air carried 9.1 percent, pipeline carried 7.3 percent and vessel carried 3.8 percent.
Trade with Canada was up 2.6 percent year over year in 2013, with trucks carrying the most freight (54.4 percent), followed by rail at 16.7 percent, pipeline at 12.6 percent, vessel at 5.7 percent and air at 4.5 percent.
Trade with Mexico was also up 2.6 percent year over year in 2013, with trucks carrying the most freight (66.2 percent). Rail carried 13.8 percent of freight between the U.S. and Mexico, while vessel carried 13.3 percent, air carried 3.0 percent and pipeline carried 0.8 percent.
Michigan carried the most trade with Canada in 2013 with $74.6 billion, while Texas led trade with Mexico with $195.6 billion.