The Nation’s Top 25 Producers


February 1, 2008

With a year of significant mergers and a slowdown in the construction industry, myriad changes have been made to producers. Find out who are the top producers and how this affects your operation.

by Jason Christopher Willett

Amidst continuing uncertainties in the U.S. markets, many of the leading construction aggregates companies actively pursued mergers and acquisitions during the second half of 2007. As the summer ended, many of the larger companies grew in size through acquisitions. In July, Cemex, Inc., the seventh-ranked aggregates company in the U.S. market based on 2006 production, completed its multi-billion dollar takeover of the Rinker Group, which had been ranked fifth.

Lehigh Cement’s parent company, HeidelbergCement AG, recently purchased Hanson PLC, based in the United Kingdom, which included Hanson’s fourth-ranked U.S. building materials group.

Oldcastle Materials, Inc., was in negotiations to buy operations in Florida and Arizona that the U.S. Department of Justice (U.S. DOJ) had required Cemex to sell. This could potentially break the tie in the rankings for second place between Oldcastle and Martin Marietta Materials. Two big mergers were completed in August when HeidelbergCement AG, ranked 23rd, purchased the parent company of the fourth-ranked Hanson Building Materials America, Inc. Also in August, the top U.S. aggregate company, Vulcan Materials Co., purchased 10th-ranked Florida Rock. It had been reported that 34th-ranked Carmeuse North America was in the process of purchasing 17th-ranked Oglebay Norton. Even with declines in the residential construction markets and very slight increases in aggregates production, stocks in aggregates mining companies were still in the spotlight during this period because of the large mergers, increasing unit prices, and large profits reports.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) defines the aggregates industry as those companies that mine and process crushed stone and construction sand and gravel. The aggregates industry is present in all 50 states, with more than 5,300 mining companies and 9,500 operations. U.S. production of construction aggregates in 2006 was 3.04 billion metric tons (3.35 billion short tons) valued at $22.4 billion, free on board (f.o.b.) at plant. Aggregates production has increased 14 percent compared with production levels reported in 2000. Aggregates production increased every year during the past six years, except in 2002, owing to a 5-percent decrease in the production of crushed stone. The value of the aggregates produced has also increased greatly during the same period. The average unit price (price of a short ton of material f.o.b. plant) has increased every year since 2000.

In 2006, the 10 leading aggregates-producing states were, in descending order of tonnage, Texas, California, Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Arizona, Georgia, Missouri, and North Carolina. These states accounted for 45 percent of the total output of aggregates, or 1.36 billion metric tons (1.50 billion short tons), which was greater than the amount of construction sand and gravel produced in all 50 states.

The 25 leading companies, in order of total output of aggregates in 2006, follow. These companies accounted for 46 percent of the total output of aggregates in the United States and have operations in all 50 states. The 100 largest aggregates operations, based on 2006 production, produced 14 percent of the total output of aggregates, which was valued at $3.4 billion. The 74 crushed stone operations and 26 construction sand and gravel operations were located in 31 states.

Top 25 Companies

1. Vulcan Materials Co.
1200 Urban Center Drive
Birmingham, AL 35242-5014
Phone: 205-298-3000
Web site:

2. (tied) Martin Marietta Aggregates
2710 Wycliff Road
Raleigh, NC 27607-3033
Phone: 919-781-4550
Web site:

2. (tied) Oldcastle Materials, Inc.
1055 Thomas Jefferson St., N.W., Suite 400
Washington, D.C. 20007
Phone: 202-625-2122
Web site:

4. Hanson Building Materials America, Inc.
8505 Freeport Parkway
Irving, TX 75063
Phone: 972-621-0345
Web site:

5. Rinker Materials Corp.
1501 Belvedere Road
West Palm Beach, FL 33406
Phone: 800-226-5521
Web site:

6. Lafarge North America Inc.
12950 Worldgate Drive, Suite 500
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone: 703-480-3600
Web site:

7. Cemex, Inc.
840 Gessner, Suite 1400
Houston, TX 77024
Phone: 713-650-6200
Web site:

8. Holcim/Aggregate Industries
7529 Standish Place, Suite 200
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone: 301-284-3600
Web site:

9. MDU Resources Group, Inc./Knife River Corp.
1150 West Century Ave.
Bismarck, ND 58506
Phone: 701-530-1400
Web site:

10. Florida Rock Industries, Inc.
155 East 21st St.
Jacksonville, FL 32206
Phone: 904-55-1781
Web site:

11. Rogers Group, Inc.
421 Great Circle Road
Nashville, TN 37228
Phone: 615-242-0585
Web site:

12. Trap Rock Industries, Inc.
460 River Road
Kingston, NJ 08528
Phone: 609-252-8927
Web site:

13. Vecellio & Grogan, Inc.
2251 Robert C. Byrd Drive
Beckley, WV 25801
Phone: 800-255-6575
Web site:

14. Luck Stone Corp.
515 Stone Mill Drive
Manakin, VA 23103
Phone: 800-898-5825
Web site:

15. Texas Industries, Inc. (TXI)
1341 West Mockingbird Lane
Dallas, TX 75247 • Phone: 972-647-6700
Web site:

16. Granite Construction Co., Inc.
585 West Beach St.
Watsonville, CA 95076
Phone: 831-724-1011
Web site:

17. O-N Minerals/Oglebay Norton Co.
1001 Lakeside Ave., 15th Floor
Cleveland, OH 44114
Phone: 216-861-3300
Web site:

18. A. Teichert & Son, Inc.
3500 American River Drive
Sacramento, CA 95864
Phone:  916-484-3011
Web site:

19. New Enterprise Stone & Lime Co., Inc.
3912 Brumbaugh Road
New Enterprise, PA 16664
Phone: 814-766-2211
Web site:

20. California Portland Cement Co.
2025 East Financial Way, Suite 200
Glendora, CA  91741
Phone: 626-852-6200
Web site:

21. DeAtley Crushing Co.
4307 Snake River Ave.
Lewiston, ID 83501
Phone: 208-743-6550

22. The Dolese Brothers Co.
20 N.W. 13th St.
Oklahoma City, OK 73101
Phone: 405-235-2311

23. HeidelbergCement AG (Lehigh Cement Co.)
7660 Imperial Way
Allentown, PA 18195
Phone: 800-523-5488
Web site:

24. Ash Grove Cement Co.
11011 Cody St.
Overland Park, KS 66210
Phone: (800) 545-1882
Web site:

25. Mathy Construction Co.
P.O. Box 189
Onalaska, WI 54640
Phone: 608-783-6411

In 2006, 1.72 billion metric tons (1.90 billion short tons) of crushed stone valued at $13.8 billion, f.o.b. plant, were reported as being produced in the United States by 1,367 companies with 3,212 operations. Various crushed stone producing companies also operated 193 sales yards.

The 10 leading producing states were, in descending order of tonnage, Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, Illinois, Virginia, Ohio, and Tennessee, which accounted for 53 percent of the total output of crushed stone.

Crushed stone totaling 67 million metric tons (74 million short tons) was produced in 83 underground mines, located in 17 states, during 2006. The five leading states were, in descending order of underground crushed stone tonnage, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, and Nebraska. Production from these states represented 77 percent of the total U.S. crushed stone produced from underground mines.

The 10 leading companies, in descending order of output of crushed stone in 2006, are listed below. These companies, with 815 active quarries and 170 sale yards, accounted for about one-half of the total output of crushed stone in the United States.

  1. Vulcan Materials Co.

  2. Martin Marietta Aggregates

  3. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.

  4. Hanson Building Materials America, Inc.

  5. Lafarge North America Inc.

  6. Rinker Materials Corp.

  7. Rogers Group, Inc.

  8. Cemex, Inc.

  9. Florida Rock Industries, Inc.

  10. Trap Rock Industries, Inc.

The five leading quarries and the owner companies, in descending order of output of crushed stone follow. These five operations produced 60 million metric tons (66 million short tons) of crushed stone, which was valued at $486 million.

  1. Vecellio & Grogan, Inc., White Rock, Dade County, FL

  2. Trap Rock Industries, Inc., Kingston Quarry, Somerset, NJ

  3. Rinker Materials Corp., F.E.C. Quarry, Dade County, FL

  4. Texas Crushed Stone Co., Inc. Georgetown, Williamson County, TX

  5. Cemex, Inc., Balcones Plant, Comal, TX

A total of 1.32 billion metric tons (1.46 billion short tons) of construction sand and gravel valued at $8.54 billion (f.o.b. plant) was reported produced in the United States in 2006 by 3,974 companies with 6,294 active operations.

The 10 leading states, in descending order of tonnage, were California, Texas, Arizona, Michigan, Minnesota, Washington, Colorado, Ohio, Nevada, and Florida. Their combined production accounted for about 51 percent of the U.S. total.

The 10 leading companies, in descending order of output of sand and gravel in 2006, are listed below. These companies, with 563 active operations, accounted for 25 percent of the total output of construction sand and gravel in the United States. In addition, these companies operated 28 sales yards.

  1. Oldcastle Materials, Inc.

  2. Hanson Building Materials America, Inc.

  3. Rinker Materials Corp.

  4. Vulcan Materials Co.

  5. MDU Resources Group, Inc./Knife River Corp.

  6. Holcim/Aggregate Industries

  7. Cemex, Inc.

  8. Martin Marietta Aggregates

  9. Lafarge North America Inc.

  10. Granite Construction Co., Inc.

The five leading pits/plants and the owner companies, in descending order of total output of construction sand and gravel, are listed below. These five pits/plants produced 20 million metric tons (22 million short tons) of construction sand and gravel which was valued at $170 million.

  1. A. Teichert & Son, Inc., Perkins Plant, Sacramento County, CA

  2. Hanson Building Materials America, Inc., Irwindale Plant, Los Angeles County, CA

  3. California Portland Cement Co., Dupont Pit, Pierce County, WA

  4. Rinker Materials Corporation, 19th Avenue Plant, Maricopa County, AZ

  5. Schroeder-Manatee Ranch, Inc., SMR Aggregates Operations, Sarasota County, FL

Domestic production data for crushed stone and construction sand and gravel are derived by the USGS from voluntary surveys of U.S. producers. In 2006, 11,280 aggregates operations were surveyed and 85 percent were active. Of the aggregates operations surveyed, 3,451 operations, or 36 percent, reported their production/sales and dollar value to the USGS, and their total production was 1.04 billion metric tons (1.15 billion short tons), or 34 percent of the total. A little more than one-fifth of the operations reported their 2006 production/sales tonnages, but did not report a dollar value for their production.

Production of the non-responding quarries was estimated using employment data provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration. The estimated output of 4,032 non-respondent operations was 953 million metric tons (1.05 billion short tons), or 31 percent of the total of U.S. aggregates production.

Prices are the average annual f.o.b. plant prices, usually at the first point of sale or captive use, as reported by the aggregates producing companies. This value does not include transportation from the plant or yard to the consumer. It does, however, include all costs of mining, processing, in-plant transportation, overhead costs, and profit. In 2006, 62 percent of the operations that responded to the annual survey reported the value of their production. For those operations that reported production only, the unit values of total production or specific end uses were estimated based on what other operations in the same state reported. The average unit value for specific end uses within a state was used in the estimation of value for operations reporting the same specific end uses. The state average was used in the estimation for operations reporting a total production but not total value.

The USGS produces a set of publications on the aggregates commodity, which includes the Minerals Yearbook, Mineral Industry Surveys, Mineral Commodity Summaries, and industry directories. The Minerals Yearbook is an annual publication that contains statistical data on crushed stone and construction sand and gravel as independent chapters. The Minerals Yearbook series includes chapters on approximately 90 mined commodities and 175 countries. Aggregates Mineral Industry Surveys are quarterly, Web-based publications designed to provide timely statistical data on domestic production of crushed stone, construction sand and gravel, and aggregates at the national, state, and regional level.

This survey is a sample survey that generates production-for-consumption estimates by quarter, based on information reported voluntarily by a limited number of producing companies. The Mineral Commodity Summaries are published on an annual basis and is the earliest annual government publication to furnish estimates covering aggregates industry data. A directory of producers is published annually for each of the crushed stone and the construction sand and gravel industries. These directories rank the top companies based on their production-for-consumption for the previous year.

All publications can be found on the USGS Mineral Resources Program Web site,,  and selecting the Quick Link for “Minerals information.”

Jason Christopher Willett is a crushed stone commodity specialist with the U.S. Geological Survey.

There are no comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *